Satoshi Nakamoto is how the creator of Bitcoin is known. And although we do not know who he is or was Satoshi Nakamoto, we do know what he has done. If today we can buying bitcoins, it’s thanks to him.
He or she (or they) has invented the bitcoin protocol and published it in a scientific article through Cryptography Mailing List en October 2008.
No one knows his identity, something that makes all this more mysterious. Satoshi’s identity is a subject that always generates curiosity. For this reason, we publish this article echoing the information that exists to date.
In 2009 he published the first version of the bitcoin client and participated with others in the project until his presence began to dilute towards the end of 2010.
He worked with others at first although he was very careful not to make personal information visible and the last one he knew about him / her was in the spring of 2011, when he said he “was on to other things.”
But, it’s Japanese, right?
“Satoshi” it means “clear, witty, wise thinking.”
“Naka” It can mean “medium, relationship”.
“Moto” It can mean “origin or creation”.
We cannot know for sure if he was Japanese or not, not even his sex, age or any other data.
We might even be talking about a group of people, rather than a single individual.
Does anyone know who Nakamoto is?
No, but the conclusions people come to when they start researching can lead to even more intriguing information. Joshua Davis, from the New Yorker, believes that Satoshi Nakamoto is Michael Clear, a crypto student from the Trinity College from Dublin.
He drew this conclusion after analyzing 80.000 words from Nakamoto’s writings and looking for grammatical coincidences.
He was also suspicious of the Finnish sociologist, economist, and video game developer Vili Lehdonvirta.
Both have denied being the creators of bitcoin, publicly doing so Michael Clear at the 2013 Web Summit.
Adam Penenberg, Fast Company contradicted that information, claiming that Nakamoto was three people:
Neal king, Vladimir Oksmann y Charles bry.
He came to this conclusion by writing loose sentences from Nakamoto’s scientific article on Google to see if they were used anywhere else.
One of them, “Computationally impractical to reverse”, turned out to be part of a patent registration request requested by these three people, in relation to a system to update and distribute encryption keys.
… The outputs of which are fixed-size strings that are computationally impractical to reverse-map. In this manner, the shared secret…
The domain bitcoin.org Originally used to publish the scientific article created by Satoshi, it had been registered three days before the patent application.
It was registered in Finland and one of the patent authors had traveled there six months before the domain was registered.
All the “involved” deny it.
In any case, when the bitcoin.org domain was registered the August 18 of the 2008He / she who registered it used an anonymous Japanese registration service and the hosting used a Japanese ISP.
The site registration was later transferred to Finland on May 18, 2011.
It is curious that the domain with the extension “.com” (usually the most desired, bitcoin.com) the January 4 2008… Maybe it’s just a coincidence. Bitcoin.com is currently owned by Roger Ver.
Others think it was Martii malmi, a developer from Finland who has been involved in bitcoin development from the start, creating his user interface.
It has also been pointed to Jed McCaleb, a lover of Japanese culture who lives there and who created Mt. Gox and co-founded Ripple and subsequently Stellar.
Another theory suggests that scientists Donal O’Mahony y Michael peirce are Satoshi Nakamoto, based on a scientific article of which they are authors and that deals with virtual payments together with Hitesh tewari, based on a book they published together. O’Mahony and Tewari also worked on the Trinity College, that is, in the same place as Michael Clear.
The israelis Dorit Ron y Adi Shamir of Weizmann Institute They retracted the allegations made in an article suggesting a link between Satoshi and Silk Road, the black market dismantled by the FBI in October 2013.
They suggested a link between an address that allegedly belonged to Satoshi and the site.
The security researcher Dustin D Trammel He owned the address and it was claimed that he was Satoshi.
In May 2013, the internet pioneer Ted Nelson added more fuel to the fire ensuring (video 1, video 2) that Satoshi could be the Japanese mathematician Shinichi mochizukiAlthough he admits that the evidence is circumstantial at best.
In February 2014, Leah McGrath Goodman of the Newsweek claimed to have found the real Satoshi Nakamoto. Dorian S Nakamoto has since denied that he knows anything related to Bitcoin, going so far as to hire a lawyer and doing an official statement.
Hal Finney, Michael Weber, Wei dai and other developers are among the names that occasionally come to light in media reports and online forum discussions as potential “Satoshis.”
A group of Aston University forensic linguists believe the true creator is the retired law professor Nick Szabo, based on the analysis of the bitcoin scientific article.
Dominic frisby, a comedian and writer also suggests that Szabo is the heaviest candidate to be Satoshi in his book. “Bitcoin: The Future of Money”.
His detailed analysis takes into account the linguistic factors of what Satoshi wrote in addition to his knowledge of C ++ and his probable birthday.
To a large extent, all of these potential Satoshi candidates have insisted that they are not the creators of bitcoin.
Michael Weber has not yet replied.
Some even think that Bitcoin has been the creation of 4 leading tech companies. This because the name of Satoshi Nakamoto carries clues to them inside: SAmsung, ToshiBA, a CASHmichi, and MOTOrole.
Be that as it may, others think that he was not even Japanese. His English, in the texts he wrote, show ideomatic nuances typical of native English.
What do we know about him?
One thing we know, based on interviews with people who have worked with him / her in the early stages of bitcoin’s development, is that his system is very well thought out.
His programming skills were unconventional, according to the developer’s words Jeff Garzik, since according to him he did not apply the same tests on the code that you could expect from a classic computer engineer.
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How many bitcoins could I have?
In an analysis by Sergio Lerner, an authority in the Bitcoin world and of the cryptography, it is suggested that Satoshi mined most of the first blocks of the network and that he could have a fortune of around a million bitcoins.
What do you do now
No one knows what Satoshi is currently involved in. But in one of the last emails he sent to a developer, dated April 23, 2011, he said: “I have moved on to other things. He is in good hands with Gavin and the rest ”
Did you work for the government?
Although there are rumors that Satoshi could work for one of the “three letter” intelligence agencies (CIA, FBI, etc.), or maybe even some shadow organization looking for a common currency to dominate the planet the developer Jeff Garzik makes it clear:
Satoshi published an open source system so that no one needed to know who he was or what knowledge he had. Open source software makes it impossible for secrets to be hidden. The source code speaks for itself. “
What’s more, he was smart for using a pseudonym. This, therefore, forces people to focus on the technology itself rather than on the person behind it.
Today, Bitcoin is much bigger than the figure of Satoshi Nakamoto. It hardly matters who it is for many. Its initial code has been improved thanks to the effort of some of the best brains on the planet working collaboratively. A work that has been done in a totally altruistic way every day making this technology better and better.